The culture of sexual relationships has been a topic of much debate in recent years. With the rise of hookup culture, many have questioned the differences between traditional dating and casual encounters. To better understand this phenomenon, it is important to explore the motivations behind it, the gender differences in attitudes towards it, and the evolutionary theories that may explain it. In research on concomitant motivations for sexual relationships, García and Reiber (200) found that while 89% of young men and women reported that physical gratification was important, 54% reported that emotional gratification and 51% reported that they wanted to start a romantic relationship; there were no gender differences in the answers. This suggests that while physical gratification is a key factor in sexual relationships, emotional gratification is also important. Most academic research on young adult sexuality in the past 20 years has focused on sexual relationships or casual sexual encounters not associated with a traditional date.
García and others have pointed out that the last decade has witnessed an explosion in interest in the topic of sexual relations, both scientifically and in popular media. This reflects an earlier review that found that gender differences in attitudes towards casual sex were some of the most pronounced differences of all sexual behaviors (Oliver & Hyde, 199).Studies on the culture of sexual relationships have confirmed that dating isn't completely out of the question, and there are more questions to ask about how sex happens in dates. It is likely that both evolutionary and social forces are facilitating the behavior of sexual relationships, and together they can help explain the rates of encounters, the motivations to flirt, the perceptions of the culture of sexual relationships, and the conflicting presence and lack of sexual differences observed in several studies. In this sense, there are sexual differences in cognitive processes, but it cannot necessarily be assumed that the sexes vary fundamentally in their behavioral potentials; rather, they vary in their decision-making according to other evolutionary models. The culture of sexual relationships is one that accepts and encourages casual sexual encounters, including one-night stands and other related activities, without necessarily including emotional intimacy, togetherness, or a committed relationship. In support of evolved sexual strategies, in an intercultural study of 16,288 people in 52 countries, Schmitt et al.